Miao Tian, Huanggang Normal University, Business School, Huanggang City, HuBei Province, China
Quantitative evaluation and monitor the status and the degree of sustainable development is a hot and difficult problem. Among the existed evaluation methods and models, ecological footprint is a comprehensive and practical method. Since it was introduced into China in 1999, it has been widely used in the study of regional ecological sustainable development. The authors take Dabieshan Pilot Site as the research object, based on the introduction of basic principle and method of ecological footprint, calculate the ecological footprint of Dabieshan Pilot Site in 2008.The results show that, the ago-ecological footprint of Dabieshan Pilot Site is 1.379042hm2/person, while the available ecological capacity is 1.094089hm2/person, per capita ecological deficit is 0.284953hm2/person. The agriculture development in Dabieshan Pilot Site is in the state of unsustainable. We analyze the reasons and put forward the issues which we would focus on in the next stage
Agriculture, Sustainable Development, Ecological Footprint, Dabieshan Pilot Site
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Yoshikatsu Murooka, is an Emeritus Professor of Osaka University, Japan. Formerly a Visiting Fellow and a Visiting Scientist at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, a Professor in the Department of Fermentation Technology, Hiroshima University, a Professor in the Biotechnology, Graduate School of Osaka University and an Executive Director in the Education and Research Center of Osaka University, San-Francisco. Dr. murooka received the B.S. degree (1966) in fermentation technology from Hiroshima University and the Ph. D. degree in biotechnology from Osaka University, Japan.
We often hear about the merits of Japanese food, but the books which were written about them from the scientific aspects were rarely published. This book introduces the scientific basis of why Japanese food is a source of health and longevity. Readers can know how to produce traditional Japanese foods and also learn the bases of modern life science and biotechnology together with food science. For those who are not familiar with Japan, this book also introduces Japanese culture concerned with typical Japanese foods.
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Radiation Science and Technology is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal concerned with the most recent research articles, reviews, and technical notes of exceptional significance in all fields of radiation sciences and technologies including all related applications and activities. The Radiation Science and Technology journal may cover but not limited to the following topics:
- • Radiation physics phenomena
- • Radiation dose assessment techniques
- • Radiation effects in different materials
- • Radiation processing
- • Radiation detection and metrology
- • Radiation biology
- • Radiation chemistry
- • Industrial applications of ionizing radiation
- • Radiation in the environment
- • Radiation and food technology
- • Radiation accidents management
- • Simulations techniques and methods
- • Radiation phantoms
- • Radiation legislation and regulations
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Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Collage of Social Science and Humanities, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
Abstract: Countries like Ethiopia emphasis that certification process guarantees land use and transfer rights ensures tenure security, and is a vital incentive for farmers to invest in their land and improve production. The program is assumed to addresses the issue of tenure insecurity which is a chronic problem in most developing countries. Moreover, land titling has a good effect in reducing of both border and inheritance disputes. However, there are debating issues on the effect of land titling in tenure security, land management and land disputes. The aim of this study is to investigate whether land titling has resulted in insuring tenure security, assuring land management, and reducing land related disputes or not. Though land titling is not a sufficient factor for sustainable land management, it is a necessary condition so that it enables farmers to have confidence on their tenures which is a preliminary condition to start land management activities. In addition to this, land titling is vital for minimizing of land disputes.
Keywords: Land Disputes, Land Management, Land Policy, Land Titling, Tenure Security
Land is one of the most important natural resource in which we can get different uses from it like forest products, production of crops, construction materials, and what not (Olsson and Lundmark, 2014). Though there are various factors like climate change for the deterioration of environment in general and land in particular (Towfiqul Islam, et al, 2014), tenure insecurity has a lion share for land degradation.. Tenure insecurity creates doubt on farmers t their tenure so that they will not manage properly. For the proper utilization of this resource without degradation, land titling is vital. Land titling is a process of recording rights on land which provides safe and certain foundation of acquisition and disposal of rights in land, where disposition includes transfer, leasing or mortgage of the holding rights (Pankhurst,1966). For African countries registration of land rights is a continuing issue regarding debate in land policies. Many West African countries have instituted the process of land registration through their land legislation. Land registration and bestowing of land certificates is assumed to have many effects on different land related issues. Some of these are tenure security, sustainable land management practices, and reducing of land disputes. These issues are intended to be discussed in the following sections.
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Pages: 105-110 | Pub. Date: Jul. 9, 2015DOI: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.14 16 Views 3 Downloads
Oyebanji Ayodele Emmanuel, Department of Family Medicine, Brigade Medical Centre, Yola, NigeriaDankyau Musa, Department of Family Medicine, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
To cite this article
Oyebanji Ayodele Emmanuel, Dankyau Musa, Factors Affecting Readiness to Change among Literate Obese Patients in Primary Care, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 105-110. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.14
Background: Obesity is a chronic disease which contributes to morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases. Urbanization, western lifestyles and demographic transition contribute to this problem in Nigeria. Primary care physicians should be active in early detection, and motivating obese people for life style change. Motivation is an important first step towards any action or behaviour change and clinicians can assess and enhance motivation to change before extensive damage is done to health, relationships, reputation, or self-image. Aims: To determine pattern and predictive factors for readiness to change among literate obese patients in primary care. Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted between July and October 2012, among literate obese patients in the outpatient department of an urban hospital. Obese patients were identified by clinical examination, and readiness to change was measured with the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) score. Results: Prevalence of obesity was 17.43%. Most of the subjects were married (83.8%), female (76.5%) had tertiary education (64.7%) and from professional cadre (54.4%). Mean age was 43.5±9.2. Majority (69.1%) felt that they were motivated (self- perception) to lose weight, but most (58%) were not confident that they could lose weight (self-efficacy). Based on the URICA score, most (73.5%)of the literate obese patients were contemplators. There were no significant predictors of the stage of change. Conclusion: Obesity is common among literate patients in the outpatient setting. The mean URICA score was 8.68±1.68, and most were in contemplation stage.
Obesity, Weight Loss, Lifestyle, Stages of Change, URICA
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