标签归档:SciencePG

Study on Sustainable Development of Agriculture in Dabieshan Pilot Site Based on the Model of Ecological Footprint

266Authors
[01]

Miao Tian, Huanggang Normal University, Business School, Huanggang City, HuBei Province, China

Abstract
Quantitative evaluation and monitor the status and the degree of sustainable development is a hot and difficult problem. Among the existed evaluation methods and models, ecological footprint is a comprehensive and practical method. Since it was introduced into China in 1999, it has been widely used in the study of regional ecological sustainable development. The authors take Dabieshan Pilot Site as the research object, based on the introduction of basic principle and method of ecological footprint, calculate the ecological footprint of Dabieshan Pilot Site in 2008.The results show that, the ago-ecological footprint of Dabieshan Pilot Site is 1.379042hm2/person, while the available ecological capacity is 1.094089hm2/person, per capita ecological deficit is 0.284953hm2/person. The agriculture development in Dabieshan Pilot Site is in the state of unsustainable. We analyze the reasons and put forward the issues which we would focus on in the next stage

Keywords
Agriculture, Sustainable Development, Ecological Footprint, Dabieshan Pilot Site

It’s a scientific paper published in International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, if you like, you can read full research article in SciencePG.

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That’s why Japanese Food is Loved All Over the World – The Source of the Health and Longevity

big34 (1)Authors:

Yoshikatsu Murooka, is an Emeritus Professor of Osaka University, Japan. Formerly a Visiting Fellow and a Visiting Scientist at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, a Professor in the Department of Fermentation Technology, Hiroshima University, a Professor in the Biotechnology, Graduate School of Osaka University and an Executive Director in the Education and Research Center of Osaka University, San-Francisco. Dr. murooka received the B.S. degree (1966) in fermentation technology from Hiroshima University and the Ph. D. degree in biotechnology from Osaka University, Japan.

Description

We often hear about the merits of Japanese food, but the books which were written about them from the scientific aspects were rarely published. This book introduces the scientific basis of why Japanese food is a source of health and longevity. Readers can know how to produce traditional Japanese foods and also learn the bases of modern life science and biotechnology together with food science. For those who are not familiar with Japan, this book also introduces Japanese culture concerned with typical Japanese foods.

 

If you want, you cant read this book about japanese food in SciencePG:http://bit.ly/1RsJ56t, hope you like it!

Radiation Science and Technology

321Radiation Science and Technology is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal concerned with the most recent research articles, reviews, and technical notes of exceptional significance in all fields of radiation sciences and technologies including all related applications and activities. The Radiation Science and Technology journal may cover but not limited to the following topics:

  • • Radiation physics phenomena
  • • Radiation dose assessment techniques
  • • Radiation effects in different materials
  • • Radiation processing
  • • Radiation detection and metrology
  • • Radiation biology
  • • Radiation chemistry
  • • Industrial applications of ionizing radiation
  • • Radiation in the environment
  • • Radiation and food technology
  • • Radiation accidents management
  • • Simulations techniques and methods
  • • Radiation phantoms
  • • Radiation legislation and regulations
  • If you like, you can read all peer reviewed scientific paper in this journal for free in SciencePG:http://bit.ly/1hiGrji

Debates on Land Titling

163Ayele Behaylu

Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Collage of Social Science and Humanities, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia

Abstract: Countries like Ethiopia emphasis that certification process guarantees land use and transfer rights ensures tenure security, and is a vital incentive for farmers to invest in their land and improve production. The program is assumed to addresses the issue of tenure insecurity which is a chronic problem in most developing countries. Moreover, land titling has a good effect in reducing of both border and inheritance disputes. However, there are debating issues on the effect of land titling in tenure security, land management and land disputes. The aim of this study is to investigate whether land titling has resulted in insuring tenure security, assuring land management, and reducing land related disputes or not. Though land titling is not a sufficient factor for sustainable land management, it is a necessary condition so that it enables farmers to have confidence on their tenures which is a preliminary condition to start land management activities. In addition to this, land titling is vital for minimizing of land disputes.

Keywords: Land Disputes, Land Management, Land Policy, Land Titling, Tenure Security

Introduction

Land is one of the most important natural resource in which we can get different uses from it like forest products, production of crops, construction materials, and what not (Olsson and Lundmark, 2014). Though there are various factors like climate change for the deterioration of environment in general and land in particular (Towfiqul Islam, et al, 2014), tenure insecurity has a lion share for land degradation.. Tenure insecurity creates doubt on farmers t their tenure so that they will not manage properly. For the proper utilization of this resource without degradation, land titling is vital.  Land titling is a process of recording rights on land which provides safe and certain foundation of acquisition and disposal of rights in land, where disposition includes transfer, leasing or mortgage of the holding rights (Pankhurst,1966). For African countries registration of land rights is a continuing issue regarding debate in land policies. Many West African countries have instituted the process of land registration through their land legislation. Land registration and bestowing of land certificates is assumed to have many effects on different land related issues. Some of these are tenure security, sustainable land management practices, and reducing of land disputes. These issues are intended to be discussed in the following sections.

Read the full article:http://bit.ly/1gJkABo

A Comparative Study of the Physiological Parameters and Efficiency of the Various Types of Hemodialyzers

Authors
[01]

Albert E. Yousif, Professor, Medical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, alnahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

[02]

Farah M. Abdul-Kareem, Graduate student, Medical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, alnahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

[03]

Ali J. Mudhaffer, Consultant Internist-Nephrologists, Kidney Disease and Transplant Center, the Medical City Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

To cite this article
Albert E. Yousif, Farah M. Abdul-Kareem, Ali J. Mudhaffer, A Comparative Study of the Physiological Parameters and Efficiency of the Various Types of Hemodialyzers, American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 8-16. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20150302.11

Abstract
The work presented in this paper is intended to compare the physiological parameters and ”efficiency” (the capacity to remove Urea, while ”Flux” refers to the capacity to remove water, and indirectly, the capacity to remove molecules of middle molecular weight for the three basic types of dialyzer (twin coil, parallel plate, and hollow fiber). A comparative study of the operational parameters ,that is, ( clearance, resistance, permeability (which means efficiency with removing molecules of small molecular weight ),membrane surface area, time, and clearance ratio (extraction ratio). The most desirable property of a hemodialysis membrane is high mass transfer of toxic solutes to reduce the dialysis time, blood compatibility and limited protein adsorption capacity. This was achieved in the hollow fiber dialyzer which has relatively high mass transfer as compared to that of the parallel plate and also for the twin coil dialyzer all having about the same membrane surface area. Dialysis treatment was given to 65 patients with kidney failure; 25 patients for the study of clearance and permeability, and 40 patients for the study of dialysis adequacy. The treatment time was found to be approximately about half the time for the hollow fiber dialyzer as compared to the Kiil and Kolff dialyzers of about the same membrane surface area. This reduction in treatment time is extremely advantageous for the patient endurance and comfort.

Keywords
Dialyzer Efficiency, Kolff Dialyzer, Kiil Dialyzer, Hollow Fiber Dialyzer, Urea Clearance

Read and downloads this peer reviewed article for free:http://bit.ly/1K6733g

 

Factors Affecting Readiness to Change among Literate Obese Patients in Primary Care

Pages: 105-110   |   Pub. Date: Jul. 9, 2015DOI: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.14  16 Views   3 Downloads
Authors
[01]Oyebanji Ayodele Emmanuel, Department of Family Medicine, Brigade Medical Centre, Yola, Nigeria[02]Dankyau Musa, Department of Family Medicine, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria

To cite this article
Oyebanji Ayodele Emmanuel, Dankyau Musa, Factors Affecting Readiness to Change among Literate Obese Patients in Primary Care, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 105-110. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150404.14

Abstract
Background: Obesity is a chronic disease which contributes to morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases. Urbanization, western lifestyles and demographic transition contribute to this problem in Nigeria. Primary care physicians should be active in early detection, and motivating obese people for life style change. Motivation is an important first step towards any action or behaviour change and clinicians can assess and enhance motivation to change before extensive damage is done to health, relationships, reputation, or self-image. Aims: To determine pattern and predictive factors for readiness to change among literate obese patients in primary care. Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted between July and October 2012, among literate obese patients in the outpatient department of an urban hospital. Obese patients were identified by clinical examination, and readiness to change was measured with the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA) score. Results: Prevalence of obesity was 17.43%. Most of the subjects were married (83.8%), female (76.5%) had tertiary education (64.7%) and from professional cadre (54.4%). Mean age was 43.5±9.2. Majority (69.1%) felt that they were motivated (self- perception) to lose weight, but most (58%) were not confident that they could lose weight (self-efficacy). Based on the URICA score, most (73.5%)of the literate obese patients were contemplators. There were no significant predictors of the stage of change. Conclusion: Obesity is common among literate patients in the outpatient setting. The mean URICA score was 8.68±1.68, and most were in contemplation stage.

Keywords
Obesity, Weight Loss, Lifestyle, Stages of Change, URICA

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Publish Papers for Free in 3 Journals

In order to speed up the development of journals, Science Publishing Group now gives authors a Special Offer of free publication in 3 journals.

Note that the Special Offer is valid from June 22 to July 22.

And the 3 journals are:

American Journal of Optics and Photonics
Communications
Journal of Investment and Management

SciencePG welcomes both scholars and practitioners to submit papers to these journals throughhttp://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/login.aspx

Here is a good news from SciencePG, good opportunity for submitting papers, if you have the needs, don’t miss it, good luck !