分类目录归档:BOOK

Arsenicosis: A Global Issue

big3 (1)Author: Mir Misbahuddin
ISBN: 978-1-940366-06-7
Published Date: April, 2015
Publisher: Science Publishing Group
About the Authors

Mir Misbahuddin, is Professor of Pharmacology in the Faculty of Basic Science and Paraclinical Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. He received his MBBS (1979) from the Mymensingh Medical College under The University of Dhaka, and PhD (1988) from The University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Tokushima, Japan. He joined as Associate Professor at the Institute of Postgraduate Medicine and Research, Dhaka in 1993 and was promoted to Professor in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University in 2001. His research interest is to find out the drug for the treatment of arsenicosis. In addition, he is conducting clinical trials and bioequivalence study. He is, currently, the editor of Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology. He was the editor of Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, Bangladesh Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Teachers‟ Association Journal. His keen interest is in the field of both asynchronous and synchronous virtual pharmacology. In asynchronous teaching, a student can use the teaching contents from a website at anytime, from anywhere and several times. In the synchronous teacher, he is trying to arrange live lectures for students of Pharmacology at under – and post-graduate level from home and abroad. He edited six books on his subject.
About the Book:
1. Why did I Decide to Write this Book?
I considered deeply who will be the reader before deciding to write this book. When you look at the Indian history of educational system, guardian sent his child to the teacher’s house (Gurugriho) for learning. Subsequently teacher shifted his class from the house to under a tree when the number of students increased. Later on, teaching was limited to textbook and brick-based face to face teaching at classroom. At present teaching contents are available in internet.

Arsenic contamination has changed our concept of safe drinking water. We failed to motivate our people, politicians and beurocrates to understand the risk assessment process that other risks to life and livelihood are as grave as arsenic. A lot of information is available about arsenic and arsenicosis in internet. Reader has less time to read those and sometime confused which are authentic.

2. Who is the Reader?
Doctor working in the arsenic endemic area will be the reader of this book.

How I became a Toxicologist?
I joined in my present working place as Associate Professor in 1993. The research activities in our department were mainly focused on the therapeutic effects of spirulina, a blue-green algae. High concentration of arsenic in the drinking water as well as case of arsenicosis was first diagnosed in Bangladesh in 1993. Two to three years were required for official recognition of this disease by the Government of Bangladesh. In 1997, one of our MPhil students showed interest to examine the curative effect of spirulina in arsenicosis as a part of his thesis work. At that time we had no facility for the estimation of arsenic in water or urine. We, then, started to use the qualitative method (Gutzeit’s test) for the presence of arsenic. Then we conducted an open trial on a few cases of arsenicosis with spirulina, which is available in our drug store as alternative medicine. Therefore, we purchased spirulina powder and then provided to patients as a part of treatment because there was no specfic treatment of arsenicosis. Surprising results were obtained when we saw the clinical improvement after 4 months of treatment. That study was not well designed and we did not estimate the amount of arsenic in hair or nail. Only urine of the patient was examined for the presence of arsenic in order to confirm the diagnosis. Then I thought how spirulina relieved arsenicosis. I placed some spirulina powder in an ordinary syringe (5 mL) and placed vertically like a column chromatography. I poured some amount of arsenic contaminated water at the top of spirulina powder and then collected water sample in a test tube placed at the bottom. The water sample was then tested for total arsenic level. Arsenic was not found when it passed through spirulina. Then my idea was shifted from spirulina to water hyacinth. As arsenic is present in underground water in Bangladesh, but not in surface water like pond or river. Pond contains a lot of water hyacinth. Like spirulina, water hyacinth may have an important role in removing arsenic from pond’s water. I collected some water hyacinth and placed in a bucket containing arsenic contaminated water. Again I surprized to see that water hyacinth removed arsenic from water within a few hours.

When I go through the published articles on arsenic, I found that Bangladesh is severely affected by chronic poisoning with high concentration of arsenic. Most of the research works were done on epidemiology and mitigation. Only a few papers were on the treatment of arsenicosis.

Then I decided to start research to find out a drug that will be effective for the treatment of arsenicosis. I changed my laboratory setup that is gradually shifted from the Gutzeit’s method to other methods using spectrophotometer, atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) and atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (AFS).

3. What Initiates me to Write this Book?
One day I received an email from the Science Publishing Group to wtire a book. Then I decided to write a book on arsenicosis.

4. Answers of Many Questions
I wanted to solve a number of questions that had been raised in a scientific saminar on “Arsenic: Health effects, mechanism of action and research issue” held in September, 1997 at Maryland, USA.

5. Previous Experiences
I wrote two arsenic related books. These previuos experiences helped me in writing this book.

6. Authanticity
A lot of information is given in this book. Only the future will tell what percentage of the information in this book is correct.

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Book: Electrochemical Fabrication and Mechanical Characterization of the Graphene/Poly Vinyl Alcohol Nanocomposites

big39Authors:
Mina Moradi ,  Jamshid Aghazadeh Mohandesi ,  Davoud Fatmehsari Haghshenas
ISBN: 978-1-940366-41-8
Published Date: September, 2015
About the authors:
Mina Moradi was graduated in Material Science and Engineering at bachelor and master degree from Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) and Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT), Tehran, Iran respectively. She is a PhD candidate at Basel University, Basel, Switzerland at the moment.

Jamshid Aghazadeh Mohandesi was graduated from Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran in B.S. in Metallurgical Engineering. For M.Sc. and PhD he moved to England and he was graduated at University of Manchester in Material Science and Engineering. At the moment he is a professor at AUT.

Davoud Haghshenas Fatmehsari was graduated from AUT, Tehran, Iran in B.S. in Materials Engineering–Extractive Metallurgy. For M.Sc. he moved to Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran and for PhD he came back to AUT and was graduated at Materials Engineering – Extraction of Metals. At the moment he is an assistant professor at AUT.

About the books
The challenges in nanotechnology and especially in carbon nanostructures can be considered in two aspects, the preparation/fabrication of the nanostructures and their properties regarding the specific applications. In order to explore and exploit the rich physics/chemistry of the graphene, new methods are required to tailor their properties. This book which is based on a master thesis is a contribution to the both above mentioned aspects through the following goals:
– Exploring a novel route for the synthesis of a stable suspension containing graphene sheets in aqueous solution.
– Characterization of the produced graphene sheets.
– Developing the Graphene/Poly Vinyl Alcohol nanocomposites.
– Evaluation of the mechanical properties of the nanocomposites.
Read this book for free:http://bit.ly/1hrVZRm

Book:Treason and War: English Gentry Families: Sir Thomas Kiriel 1400-1480

Treason and War: English Gentry Families: Sir Thomas Kiriel 1400-1480Author: Tarık Tolga Gümüş
ISBN:978-1-940366-54-8
Published Date: September, 2015
About the Authors
Tarık Tolga Gümüş has completed his Masters Degree in Bilkent University in Ankara in the Department of History, after graduating from the Middle East Technical University from the Department of Philosophy. His master’s thesis was related to the European History. Then, he completed his PhD. in the same university in 2007. His PhD. dissertation was about the fifteenth century British history. The author is currently working at Mersin University, Department of History. His areas of interest are fifteenth century English history, aristocracy, gentry class and chivalry. He also teaches the Medieval European History Medieval French, and the history of Early Modern Europe.
About this book
The importance of the gentry class families in the political history of the fifteenth century is becoming more and more apparent in the academic developments of the recent years. Therefore, this book is focused on the life and career of one individual of these gentry families. The life and career of Thomas Kiriel who was the knight of the body and who was actively enrolled in the wars with France in the king’s side are analyzed. The study shows that Thomas Kiriel took his fortune from the land and military service to the king Henry VI. Then when he changed side he was accused of treason and beheaded.
New book this year, read in SciencePG:http://bit.ly/1JsNLyV

Superconductivity and Superfluidity

big36Authors:

Boris V. Vasiliev was born in 1937 in Ekaterinburg (Russia). His father –VasilyI Volkov, scientist -geophysics – was killed during the Stalinist purges of 1937. His mother – Nina A. Vasileva raised her three children and gave them the higher education by herself after the death of her husband .

Boris Vasiliev graduated from the Physical-Techical Department of the Ural Polytechnic Institute and was postgraduate of Kurchatov Institute (supervisor – Academician Isaak K. Kikoine). PhD (1968), Dr. Sci. Sciences (1984). Author of over 100 scientific papers and several books.

He started to work as a research engineer and came to the Director of the Research Institute in Dubna for more 35 years. His main achievements:
*The description of the super-phenomena – superconductivity and superfluidity – as a consequence of ordering zero-point oscillations.
*The theory of hot stars, built taking into account the gravity-induced electric polarization intrastellar plasma.
*The theory of Earth’s magnetic field.
*The electro-magnetic model of neutron.
*Discovery and study of thermo-magnetic effect in metals.
*The theory rf-SQUID.
*The experimental determination of the upper limit of the existence of an electric dipole moment of the electron, in violation of CP and T invariance (the measurement results entered in the directory on the properties of elementary particles).

About this book:

Currently there is a common belief that the explanation of superconductivity phenomenon lies in understanding the mechanism of the formation of electron pairs. Paired electrons, however, cannot form a superconducting condensate spontaneously. These paired electrons perform disorderly zero-point oscillations and there is no force of attraction in their ensemble. In order to create a unified ensemble of particles, the pairs must order their zero-point fluctuations so that an attraction between the particles appears. As a result of this ordering of zero-point oscillations in the electron gas, superconductivity arises. This model of condensation of zero-point oscillations creates the possibility of being able to obtain estimates for the critical parameters of elementary superconductors, which are in satisfactory agreement with the measured data. On the another hand, the phenomenon of superfluidity in He-4 and He-3 can be similarly explained, due to the ordering of zero-point fluctuations. It is therefore established that both related phenomena are based on the same physical mechanism.

Read this book here:http://bit.ly/1UQuVbw

Mathematical Analysis of Distribution and Redistribution of Income

big28Authors: Johan Fellman, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.

Different skew models such as the lognormal and the Pareto have been proposed as suitable descriptions of the income distribution, but such specific distributions are usually applied in empirical investigations. For general studies more wide-ranging tools have been considered. The central and most commonly applied theory is connected to the Lorenz curve. Without any assumptions concerning specific distributions, this theory enables analyses of temporal and regional variations in the income inequalities. Particularly, it is a valuable tool for studies of the effect of taxes and transfers to the redistribution of income. Taxation and transferring may have similar effects, but some marked differences with respect to their applications can be identified and therefore, both will usually be given individual presentations.

In this study the author has collected the central parts of his contributions to the theory of income distributions and furthermore, the author has tried to locate his results within the framework of the general literature.

 

Published by Science Publishing Group, if you like, you can read this book in SciencePG:http://bit.ly/1NHGy4t

A Hand Book on Publication and Dissertation Writing for Science Students

big31Authors:

Dr. Omale James received his Ph. D in Biochemical Toxicology, from Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria during the period of 2009. He obtained B. Sc and M. Sc degree in Biochemistry from U.D.U.S and University of Ibadan, Nigeria respectively. Currently he works as a Lecturer in the Department of Biochemistry, Kogi State University, Anyigba, an Associate Professor of Biochemistry. He is currently the Head of Department of Biochemistry and Deputy Dean, School of Postgraduate Studies, Kogi State University, Anyigba.

He serves as an editorial member of several reputed journals like International Journal of Malaria Research and Review, International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research, International Journal of Biotechnology and Allied Fields, Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences, International Research Journal of Applied Life Sciences, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and an expert reviewer for Journal of Integrative Medicine, Annual Research & Review in Biology, Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences etc. He has authored over 58 journal articles and he is a member of Nigerian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nigerian Society of Experimental Biology and Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Products Research (GA). He has attended several conferences and workshops in Nigeria, the United Kingdom and other countries in Europe.

Description:

The book “A Hand Book on Publication and Dissertation Writing for Science Students” was written primarily for students, who struggle to write their undergraduate and postgraduate thesis/dissertation with difficulties and who wish to publish their research work after graduation. The author tried to simplify the approaches involved in writing theses by organizing them in simple order, enumerating the common mistakes in thesis and publication writing. These general guidelines could help a science student to adapt easily to writing a world class journal paper and an award winning dissertation. The book explores various aspects of publication writing from title to references and from submission to revision, how to write a good research proposal and dissertation. Any science student having gone through this compilation will be fully equipped to face the challenges of dissertation and publication writing and builds his or her academic career on the foundation. Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students of Biochemistry, Biology, Chemistry, Microbiology, and Agriculture will find this book useful in the course of their University education.

If you like, you can read this book in SciencePG, a academic publisher, and you can read all kind of scientific journals in SciencePG with open access.